1640 - 1711 (71 years)
||Simon HADLEY |
||6 Jun 1711
||Abt 6 Jun 1711
||4 Courts, Moates Grange Register
- According to Barbara Lambert of Pittsburgh, PA whose husband is a decendant of the Piggott/Hadley lines, there has been some written that this line goes back to the Plantagenets of England. To Barbara's knowledge as of May 16, 1993, this is unproven. The proven lineage starts with this Simon Hadley.
According to THE HADLEY FAMILY by Kathryn Dobbins Huggins, published by The Ydakin County Historical Society, Yadkinville, North Carolina in 1981: Simon Hadley 1, an English Army officer, was sent to Ireland where he met and married Catherine Talbot in Dublin, Ireland.
Some sources say that Simon Hadley, the original ancestor of the southern branch of the Hadley family, came to Pennsylvania from Ballynakill, Ireland, having previous left England because of restrictions on worship
A history of THE DEEP CREEK HADLEYS by Thomas D. Hamm in the same publication, noted that Simon Hadley was "of County Kings, Ireland, A Quaker Landowner who married one Katherine Talbot"
HADLEY - MYTHICAL ANCESTRY:
From: John Hadley, President, Hadley Society, 1999 To: Terry McLean, Historian, Hadley Society.
Subject: Hadley - mythical ancestry...
"Hi Terry - Here's an article I'd like you to post to the group. Most of this piece from 1991 is accurate, as far as I know. There has been more information uncovered since this writing, but the main point is to debunk the previous theories of Simon Hadley's parents. Let's get these erroneous lines out of the GEDCOMs and other internet programs...so this misinformation will not continue to be circulated as gospel. The last James Hadley of the Somerset line died over 100 years before our Simon was supposedly born. This is an impossible lineage. We now know that Simon was living in Dublin in 1665, 1668, 1672, and 1685 from the various documents discovered by Fiona FitzSimons of Enneclann, Dublin. We've also found further descendents of Benjamin Hadley in Ireland, not listed below. In defense of the earlier researchers, it was reasonable to assume that Simon came from the gentry class, as his petition of 1680 describes him as a Gentleman. This had great significance in those times, as the gentry were only 1-2% of society, and upward mobility was the exception. It is very likely that the parents and grand parents of Simon were gentry, so that is a significant clue.
I think it is likely that the birth date of Simon as 1640 was an estimate by earlier researchers. I have never seen any evidence of his birth date, or those of his
children. (The exception being Sollomon, who was christened at St Michans in 1672) The first proven birth dates I have seen are for the children of Simon and
Ruth. As we find earlier and yet earlier references for Simon Hadley in Dublin, my suspicion increases that Simon was probably born earlier than 1640.
Perhaps we'll someday find positive proof of all this, but in the meantime I think it's important to document our sources, and to be conservative and honest in
The Quaker Yeomen - Volume 18 Number 3 - October 1991_- Page Seven THE IMMIGRANT QUAKER HADLEY FAMILY: Compiled By James E. Bellarts
"Hardly a month passes that I do not receive a document attempting to trace the ancestry of Simon Hadley I to illustrious ancestry naming as his ancestor either Jeremiah Hadley of Northumberland and his wife who was a supposed daughter of Lady Jane Russell of Perth Scotland; or more frequently, stating as
reference Notes of The Quaker Family of Hadley published by Chalmers Hadley in 1916: Philipa Audley, daughter of Sir Humphrey Audley, who was descended from Sir Hugh Courtenay:
I Sir Hugh Courtenay; d. 1377-05-02; m. Margaret de Bohun, who had 8 (or 4) sons and 8 daughters:
2 An unnamed son. Some say Hugh de Courtenay who m. Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Tobrian, while others skip this generation, or state that their son was:
3 Sir Philip Courtenay; d. 1406-Jul-29; who m. Ann Wake, and were the parents of:
4 Some say John de Courtenay, father of: (while others say Elizabeth Courtenay, 6 below, skipping this and the next generation).
5. Some say Philip Courtenay who m. Eizabeth (Hingeston?) (Hungerford?), showing as their daughter:
6 Elizabeth Courtenay who supposedly m. Sir Humphry Audley who was behead in 1461, whose daughter:
7 Philipa Audley supposedly married Richard Hadley, son of John Hadley, grandson of Alexander Hadley who held the manors of Williton-Hadley;
Withycombe-Hadley, Watchet, Heathfield, and other lands and who m. Alice Durborough daughter of Sir Ralph Durborough a supposed descendant of Sir Reginald Fitzurse. Richard Hadley and Philipa Audley were the supposed parents of:
8 James Hadley, who had brothers Sir Henry, George, Sir John of Bruyton, Sir William of Barlinche, and sisters Anne and Jane Hadley; and who m(l) Friedeswith Matthew, daughter of Christopher Matthew of Glamorganshire,Wales; m(2) Elizabeth (- -), and was supposedly the father of:
9 Simon Hadley 1, who was born 1640.
If the above appears vague or somewhat far-fetched to the reader - it should! The children of James and Friedeswith (Matthew) Hadley were Christopher, John, James, Thomas, Anne and Rachel. There is no record of James Hadley and his second wife, Elizabeth (- -) having children. In any event, no record has been located in Ireland or England tracing the ancestry of Simon Hadley 1. Any attempt to make such a connection with existing data is pure fakelore! ******
The known and proveable Quaker Hadley family: *****
I Simon Hadley I, was b. 1640, Ireland; d. at about 71 years of age (some references state that he d. 1700-04mo-12). The first record of him in Ireland is recorded about 1680 when he petitioned Parliament as Simon Hadly of Ballynakill in the Kings County for protecion against the possible confiscation of his land. This document indicates that he had been at that location for seven or eight years. There were Hadley's in Ireland long before this time. In 1683 the Ulster King of Arms records a Hadley escutcheon which had been in use for well over one hundred years. Simon Hadley I could be descended from any one of several Hadley families, and could have born in either Ireland or England. In research of Quaker records that I commissioned in Ireland reference is made to the first marriage of Simon Hadley I to Katherine Talbot. These records also refer to "the disorderly Hadleys", and mention his being disowned for marriage out of unity in his seventieth year. His children:
11 Simon Hadley II; b. 1675 (probably County West Meath), Ireland; d. 1756, buried in New Garden Friends Burial Ground, Chester County, Pennsylvania; m(l) Ruth (Miller) Kernan, a widow, b. 1677, Ireland, d. 1750-12mo-08, buried New Garden Friends Burial Ground, daughter of Robert and Margaret (Broithwaite) Miller; m(2) Phebe (Grubb) Buffington, widow of Richard Buffington of Chester County, Pennsylvania, daughter of John and Frances -) Grubb of Chester County, Pennsylvania. His will dated 1755-Nov-03, proven 1756-Feb-17, of Mill Creek Hundred, New Castle, Delaware, lists his children and grandchildren.
12 John Hadley; m. Margaret (Mary?) Rigley? at Ballinakill, Kings County or Carrelegh, County West Meath, Ireland (both places are referred to in various Quaker meeting records of John Hadley). Their children:
121 Elizabeth Hadley; m. 1719-03mo-12, Moate Monthly Meeting, Jonathan Hayes of Dublin. with the following named as brothers and sisters of the bride in the marriage record:
122 Benjamin Hadley.
123 Thomas Hadley.
124 Catherine Hadley.
125 Ann Hadley.
126 Ruth Hadley; m. 1735-llmo-21, John White of County West Meath. Her will, dated 1778, filed at the Office of Arms, Dublin, mentions her daughter:
1261 Mary White, who m. Rigley and was the mother of:
12611 Benjamin Rigley.
13 Elizabeth Hadley; m Miller.
14 Jane Hadley; m. Kiernan.
----- end this source ----------
Supplement by John William Hadley 29 Aug 1999 (See additional info in Notes for his wife)
The name HADLEY is actually of Saxon origin. Many call it 'Anglo-Saxon', but it is really a Saxon name. These invaders were from the Rhine in Germany and settled in eastern England in about 600 AD. Before 1066, when they lost control of England to the Normans, they were in complete control of the island with the exception of Wales and Scotland. The original Saxon name is believed to have been HATLEGH, (by the way, the Saxons had no written language). The first written name we have seen until this wtiting is the Domesday Survey's HATLEGE . The name was also spelled HATLEGA, or HEDLEGA which are more phonetic versions. They were Saxon, they had a more guttural type of an accent. When the Normans (Viking kingdom based in Normandy, France) successfully defeated the Saxons in 1066, Saxon names became Normanized. Versions such as de Hadley, de Haddesley, de Haddleigh are transitional examples of the original Hedlega. D. B. HADLEY from Whitehill House in Upham Hampshire, England has written to me regarding the subject of the origin of the name Hadley.
'Dear John Thank you for your letter. I am sorry for taking so long to reply…. Firstly, as to the origin of the family name - Dr. Basil Cottle's Penguin Dictionary surnames has the following entry: HADLEY = Heather Hill. Peter HADLEY's 'A HADLEY HISTORY' May 1978 quotes H. P. Guppy from "Homes of Family Names, 1890", as saying that Worcestershire is the home of the HADLEYS; that they derived their name from places in adjacent counties of Staffordshire and Shropshire. There certainly were a good many HADLEYs in those counties in the 1500s.' Peter HADLEY also quotes John Weever's 'ANCIENT FUNERAL MONUMENTS FROM 1631' as follows:" After he, Gurmond or Gurthrum, a Danish King, had governed these counties of Suffolk and Norfolk a space of 12 years complete, he died and was buried in the Kings Town called HEADLEGA' (so HADLEY was called in the Saxon language) 'In Suffolk, among the East English in the 889…' So 889 is the first documented case that we have seen where our written name actually exists. In this first written example Hadley means King's town, Chief town or Head town. He goes on about Alan de Hadley and all these other HADLEYs in Shropshire, but continues to say, 'I am afraid that none of this is conclusive to support the name except to say that it has been around a long time, and may be connected with 'Heather'. It is interesting that in 1134 William de Hadley and his sons Alan and William signed their name de Hedlega as witnesses to two charters by Hamo Perevel to Shrewsbury Abbey. This would be the first written document using the surname Hadley (de Hedlega), as signed by a family member. As a family name Hadley appears in England in the twelfth century as de Haddeleigh, and de Haddesley. Later, Cadogan de Hadley simplified the name which was retained by his descendents who held Bulkley in Cheshire.1 It is important to note that although HADLEY is a Saxon place name, the first to use it as a surname were certainly Norman. The Normans were Vikings who had settled in the area of Normandy, France. So the name is of Saxon origin, but our ancestors were of Norman genetics.
A little later the name appears as Hadleigh, but as early as the fourteenth century it is spelled Hadley, Hadeley or Hadly. As England developed as an independent kingdom, the Norman influence lessened and many surnames were Anglicized.
Lyle Hadley proposed the surname Hadley to be a cross between Anglo and Saxon HAUT + LEIGH, which meant 'wooded meadow', and that is what he has published in the three volumes produced by the Hadley Society. There are numerous other interpretations of this name. The HADLEY motto, which is 'God is My Help' I learned from Ted and Vera Hadley who have been studying the HADLEY family for over 20 years in England. They are not related to us. But he does say, 'I can confirm that there is no record of Simon HADLEY in Herefordshire…' which is the county next to Shropshire. There were four towns of 'Hadley' in England, all place names, such as 'Heather Hill' or whatever you want to call it, the 'field', the 'pasture where cattle graze'..
The best story I've seen on this is this was in a correspondence with a fellow named ATLEY. That is also a derivative of our name, by the way; it's kind of a cockney version. He said that people were illiterate back then, they didn't write their own name, but it was a function of the parish priest, or recorder,and how much altar wine he had consumed as to how the name was interpreted and spelled.
We have seen the name change over time through all of these variations. One of the things said in one of the (Hadley Society) books was that it became HADLEY in the 1400 or 1500 and stayed that way. Now that is not true. My family spelled it HADLY - and they spelled it that way up until, and right through the middle 1800s. It was HADLY. Joshua spelled it 'HADLY' his son Thomas, my ancestor, spelled it 'HADLY' , Benjamin spelled it 'HADLY' … We didn't change until old man John, who was born in 1820, spelled it 'HADLEY', so I suppose sometime about the middle of the 19th century it became the fashion to spell it with the 'e'. So the name has had numerous spellings through the years. Terry McLean, of the Hadley Society, told me that the Quakers thought it was flambouant to use the "e", which is why this generation spelled it Hadly.
These forms continued in Ireland, where the name has never been a common one. When the Quaker Hadleys went from Ireland to America in 1712, both forms, with and without the "e", were used by members of the same family.(2)
Our ancestor, Simon Hadley II was not the first Hadley to come to America. The Massachusetts Hadleys, whose ancestor was George Hadley, came directly from England to Ipswich, Mass. in the year 1639. A number of villages in Massachussettts bear their name. It is also of interest to note that the Hadleys who settled Newport, Rhode Island in the late 1600£s were collaterally related to the Alabama Hadleys. They were English but they migrated from Ireland to Rhode Island and Connecticut. Much of the early information about our Hadley family is due to their membership in the Society of Friends, or Quakers. The Quakers kept records of their meetings, and the references to our family members form the first verifiable branches of our family tree.
1 Visitations of Cheshire via Chalmers Hadley
2 Henry Gray, London via Chalmers Hadley
Simon Hadley I is our earliest proven Hadley ancestor. Simon Hadley I was born around 1625-1640, probably in England. He became a prosperous Dublin gentleman. Simon owned iron works in Ballynakill, Kings County (now County Offaly), fisheries in Dublin, and other properties. The earliest known record of Simon Hadley (Symon Hadly) is from 1665 when Simon was listed in a tax roll in Dublin. Simon Hadley's address in the 1665 City Tenants, Rental of lands and other city dues (D.K.P.R.O.I., vol. 57, 1936, App. 4, pp. 526-58). Listed in the 'Roll ofLangeable common fines and sense money within the city of Dublin', I found "Symon Hadly, common find 6d" resident at "Hamon Lane & Loghboy".(letter from Fiona FitzSimons 14 Aug 1999) Next, on Easter 1668, Symon was made a "Freeman of Dublin City". He was a blacksmith (more likely he owned iron works), and in December 1667, the city of Dublin enacted legislation that prohibited those who were not born in Dublin from practicing their trade there, without achieving the status of "Freeman". Symon Hadley applied for Freeman status at the earliest opportunity and was granted Freeman status on Easter of 1668 by Special Grace. This means someone of Nobility and influence pulled some strings on his behalf. It is also evidence that Symon was not a Quaker in 1668, and that he was not born in Dublin. Becoming a Freeman also involved swearing an oath and Quakers refused to take any oaths. The next piece of evidence is from 1672 and also supports the theory that Symon was not yet a Quaker at this date. In 1672 Symon Hadly and wife Catherine had a son named Sollomon baptised at St Michans church in Dublin. St. Michans is an Anglican church. The records at St. Michans also show that Symon was a "smythe" and lists several other Hadleys who were also smythes. There has been no further evidence of these other Hadleys, and also no other references to Sollomon Hadley. It is possible that Sollomon died young. Simon I married Catherine Talbot and all of his children were by her. They had the following children: John Hadley, Married _______. Remained in Ireland.
Elizabeth Hadley married a man called Miller. Remained in Ireland. Jane Hadley married a man called Kiernan. Remained in Ireland. Simon Hadley II, Married
1.) Ruth Keran, 2.) Elizabeth ______.
Another important documented reference for Simon was in 1685 when he made a contribution of 8 shillings to the Dublin Meeting. This is the first Quaker reference for Symon and it can be assumed that the family became Quaker some time between 1672 and 1685. Until this writing it has been assumed the family became Quaker when they moved to Moate in 1694.
About 1680 Symon Hadly submitted a petition to retain a fishery he had built and maintained for 7 or 8 years. Irish property ownership was tenuous at best and many landowners who had been granted properties in earlier regimes, were stripped of it as the political power changed hands. It is likely that Symon and Catherine came to Ireland from England after the Cromwell invasion. Cromwell sold choice Irish lands to loyal English Protestants. Symon's fisheries at Ballynakill were in jeopardy because the lord from whom he rented, was losing these properties as a result of the Restoration of the English monarchy. The petition reads as follows:
To the Honorable the Trustees appointed by an Act of Parliament made in England Instituted an Act for granting an ayd to his Majestie by Sale of the forfeited and other Estates and Interests in Ireland, &c. The Petition and Claims of Symon Hadley of Ballynakill in the Kings County, Gentleman, Showeth That there was a Custom given by Edward Vernon Esquire late Lord of the Mannor of Clantarfe in the County of Dublin that any person or persons should have liberty to build Shedds at Ballyscaddan, being part of the said mannor for Incouragment of the ffishery there and those who builte the said Shedds were to hold the said Shedds during their upholding the same, paying dureing the Season and whilst ffish was made there Sixpence for every Barrell of ffish they should make: That the Claimant did build according to the said Custome four Shedds and has enjoyed the same these Seaven or Eight yeares past two of the said Shedds being builte by the Claimant with Lime and stone and the other two Shedds with Clay and Stone. That the Claimant being apprehensive that the said Mannor of Clantarfe may be forfeited and vested in your Honours by the said Act and soe the Claymant may be prejudiced and deprived of the said four Shedds soe builte by him as aforesaid. May it therefore please your Honoure to receive and allow of this your Petitioners Claim and if itt shall hereafter appear that the said Mannor is or will be forfeited that then your Honours would grant the Claimant a Saveing of his said improvements soe made by him as aforesaid and to grant him such releife as to your Hounours shall seem most equitable.
And the Claimant will pray
Signed by the Claimant
in the presence of us
At the bottom of the page is written: Public Record Office (Four Courts) Dublin 10-16-1907.
Another copy of this document is found in "Hadley Family Record, Vol. 1., (microfilm of records at Genealogy Library, Indianapolis, Ind.) About this document it is said "The first authentic record we have that Simon Hadley was in Ireland was recorded about 1680 when he petitioned Parliament for protection against the possible confiscation of his property should the area become forfeited to the Crown as was then threatened....." With the research contained in this work, we now have three authentic records that predate Symon's petition of 1680. The tax roll of 1665 is now the ealiest known documentary source of Simon Hadley Sr.
Quaker records regarding the death of Catherine Hadley indicate the family moved to Moate in 1694. There are several Quaker records for Simon Sr. and his sons Simon Jr and John. All three seemed to be in hot water with the local Quaker Meeting. Simon Jr was censured in 1697 for marrying a woman whom another man had permission to speak to regarding marriage. This was no doubt Ruth Keran, so it's a good thing for all of us that he did, or this would not be written by me or read by you! Simon Sr. was also repremanded for allowing his son too many liberties regarding his courtship and marriage out of Meeting to Ruth. Brother John also married out of Meeting in 1697 and was not reinstated until 1699. John was later admonished for frequenting ale houses. John stayed in Ireland and became a gunsmith. Simon Sr was called on the carpet again in 1711 when he married out of meeting, shortly after the death of Katherine.
The will of Simon Hadley Sr. was recorded in 1712, but the will itself has not survived.
Database: Irish Records Index, 1500-1920
Combined Matches: 1
Last Name Given Name and Status Date Location Film # T, Box & Order # Item Order
HADLEY Benjamin, Gunsmith 1755 Tullamore Kings Co 101011 Deed #28 Sec 4
The following records from Moate Meeting were provided by Bob Norfleet [to jwh].
QUAKER MEETING MINUTES
1697 - 1710
6D 9M 1697
To the Frinds of the Moate Mens Meeting Where as I Simon Hadley having erred from the way of Truth, in letting my mind out after youthful lusts, which now I seeing the evil of them my evil lusts, it has brought me into deep sorrow of heart, for the same, but I can truthfully say that I am free from the______ part of this my lust so the time past shall be a sufficient warning for me and for the time to come I shall be more careful, all which I give under my hand this 6th day of the 9th month 1697 Simon Hadly Jun
- This note followed : After the above note was given to friends by said Simon not withstanding his______ promises and friends tender care towards him, he soon run out to a priest to take a wife, for which transgression he gave in another paper of condemnation which will be recorded in its proper place.
26D 11M 1697
At our Monthly Mens Meeting
1697 the 26th of the 11th mo Whereas Simon Hadly the elder hath acted contrary to the order of truth by giving way to his son to proceed in relation to marriage with a young woman whom another man hath liberty to speak to her before him and friends having talked with him and hath given him until next months meeting to consider what he will give friends to clear truth for his so doing. Jacob Fuller and John Mickell are desired to speak to Simon Hadly, the younger, and know of him whether he will give friends such satisfaction as will clear truth against his runing out to marry with a priest or other _____ friends _____ ________ against him. Those under named are desired to visit friends familier upon the account of truth and give account to the next men's meeting how they find things in their visit. Anthony Roberson, John Wyley, Will outher, Jacob Fuller. Anthony Roberson and Jacob Fuller are to give a verbal account to the next Men's meeting.
The following note appeared on the next page.
Simon Hadly the elder having formally acted contrary to the truth in giving way to his son to proceed with a young woman in relation to marriage whom another hath had liberty to speak to her before hath given a paper of condemnation against his son's doing.
8D 4M 1698
At our Mens Meeting at the Moate
1698 8th of 4th Mo
Simon Hadly the younger having been guilty of commeting transgressions greatly to the dishonor of truth and severity, friends, having been very tender in dealing with him, from time to time and the said Simon having not satisfied friends with clear truth, it is the mind of this meeting that a paper be drawn against him and his actions; john Wyle, John Mickle and William______ are to draw us the said paper.
20D 3M 1699
I Simon Hadly the younger having professed and owned the principles of the people called quakers, amoung whom I humble myself in worship to God, but for want of living up to what I professed, and truly fearing him who only ought to be feared; I was carried away with carnal lusts so that I was only preserved from actual fullfilling... therefore, which when the said people understood they carfully and moderatly reproved______ and laid the inconsistancy of such actions, with their principles before me and the evil I had done in so doing, which I being sorrowful for and promised that the time past should suffice, and for the time to come I would be more carfull, but instead of humbling myself, I soon went to a priest, and was married in all which transgressions of said people called Quakers and their principles are clear; and I desired that my inequity may be a caution to all and not a cause for to stumbal which I can truly say these my evil hath brought sorrow on my heart and a exercise upon my mind many times, for running into such evil contrary to the truth, this given under my hand the 20th of the 3rd mo 1699.
Simon Hadly Jun
6D 11M 1702
Where as Jane Keeron who several years ago before she came to dwell in this part of the country, as her own choice took him whom she now hath to be her husband contrary to the principles and practice of the people called Quakers, and hath since she came here to dwell came to our meetings as one of us, therefore least any should go esteem her and reproach our holy profession through her uncivill and ungodly behavior towards her husband upon the account of his going to that way of worship he was educated in, though a way of worship we don't aprove, yet can not strive by force as she hath done to restrain any from their liberity on that account, wherefore we disown her to be of us. Signed in behalf for our Monthly Meeting held at the Moate, the 6th of the ii month 1702. Anthony Robinson, Thomas Lightfoot, John Mickle
7D 12M 1710
Symon Hadly the elder came to dwell in our neighborhood after the late wars and as he then was a commer to our meetings so he has continued but soon after his comings, by too much indulging his children and his carelessness in religious matters, it appeared that he had little more than a shew of religion which we propently admonished him of as he appeared faulty, after exorting him to be more zealous and not to content and deceive himself with a show of religion, but instead of receiving our exortation and practicing the same, he desired we might let him alone and in about three weeks after the death of his wife, who was a woman of good repute in the neighborhood, he being a man of about seventy years of age, ofered himself to a woman in marriage who was not of that persuasion he made profesion of, and contrary to what he preposed not only offered himself but was married, as he saith to the said woman in about half a year after the death of his said former wife, tho he often said and pretented that he did not intend to marry her so soon all which imoderation, disimulation and irreligiousnes of his
||2 Jun 2009 |
||Katherine TALBOT, b. 1640, Ireland , d. 10 Jun 1710, Moates, Kings, Ireland (Age 70 years) |
|+||1. Simon HADLEY, b. 1676, Ballynakill, Westmeath, Ireland , d. 17 Nov 1756, Chester, PA, USA (Age 80 years)|
||Group Sheet | Family Chart